Vibrant metropolises, unparalleled wildlife and birdlife, beautiful landscapes, unique architecture, food and culture including its epic Carnival celebrations - Brazil has everything in spades. After successfully hosting the World Cup and the Olympics in recent years, the spotlight was on Brazil for almost half a decade and a visit to this continent sized country will almost certainly leave you wanting to go back for more.

Brazil is one of the world's most culturally diverse and captivating countries. Powdery white-sand beaches, massive (although shrinking) rainforests and rythmic cities. Brazil's has colonial towns, otherworldly landscapes, thundering waterfalls and coral-fringed tropical islands on its coast.

And the country has unparalleled biodiversity. Its legendary megafauna rivals that of Africa, boasting the greatest collection of plant and animal species found anywhere on earth. There are a wealth of places where one can track iconic species including jaguars, macaws, howler monkeys, capybaras, sloths, pink dolphins, sea turtles and thousands of other living species.

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro is one of the main gateways to the country, and is one of a handful of cities in Latin America which shouldn't be missed. The iconic statue of Christ the Redeemer towers over the city, looking out over Copacabana Beach and Sugar Loaf Mountain, and all the different bays, beaches and islands give Rio one of the most beautiful settings of any city in the world.  From old-school Bossa Nova music to Samba-fueled nightlife, spectacular football matches to its unnique gastronomic scene. And Rio knows how to party. Carnaval, and the buildup to it, the city's most famous soiree.

From Rio, the options of where to go onto are endless. Brazil is a massive country and holds a diverse range of ecosystems within its borders, full of flora and fauna, many of these endemic. Around 60% of the Amazon rainforest is located in Brazil and so is the world’s largest freshwater wetland, the Pantanal. This is not to mention Brazil’s other diverse ecosystems, harbour incredible numbers of birds, mammals, fish and reptiles. 

Brazil's top wildlife and wilderness areas

Wildlife enthusiasts will no doubt make a beeline for Brazil's most important biomes: the Pantanal, the Amazon, the Cerrado and the Atlantic Forest.

The Pantanal is the the world’s largest wetland covers some 210,000 square kilometres, right in the heart of South America. The majority of these wetlands sit in Brazil, split between the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul. These open marshes are home to an immense variety of life reminiscent of Africa's Okavango Delta. While not as well known as the Amazon to the north, the Pantanal is one of the most biologically rich environments on the planet with more than 4,700 plant and animal species.

From October to March, floodwaters fill the Pantanal like a giant reservoir and drain out slowly between April and September, providing ideal wildlife and birdlife viewing conditions. Head out on a big game safari by boat, by car, on foot or on horseback to explore the vast array of flora and fauna, which includes magnificent jaguars, tapirs, giant anteaters, ocelots, pumas caimans and capybaras, not to mention macaws and parrots and almost 700 bird species.

The Amazon rainforest is the world's largest intact forest. It is home to hundreds of thousands of Indigenous Peoples belonging to 180 different groups. To date, at least 40,000 plant species, over 400 mammals, 1,300 birds, over 350 reptiles, more than 400 amphibians and around 3,000 freshwater fish have been recorded in the Amazon.

In addition to its incredible biodiversity, the Amazon plays an essential role in helping regulate our planet’s atmospheric carbon levels. The Amazon Basin stores approximately 100 billion metric tons of carbon. Here in the largest rainforest in the world, one can explore the wonders of the forest and its indigenous communities by day and by night, from the comfort of a luxury rainforest lodge or by private yacht. 

Covering a quarter of Brazil, the Cerrado is one of the world’s most important ecosystems. The Brazillian Cerrado or arid grassland, the largest savanna region in South America encompasses the most extensive woodland-savanna in South Ameria, an ancient biome rich in biodiversity with an estimated 160,000 species of plants, fungi and animals. Large mammals such as jaguars, pumas, maned wolves, giant anteaters, giant armadillos and marsh deers thrive in this dry eco-system. The Cerrado has more than 12,000 plant species, about 4,000 of which only exist here.

The enchantic Atlantic Forest stretches from northeast Brazil, south along the Brazilian Atlantic coastline and inland into northeast Argentina and eastern Paraguay.  Although only a small part of the original forests remains, it is still one of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet, second only to the Amazon. Running on and off for several thousand kilometres along the coast, the forest is home to 10,000 plant species that don’t exist anywhere else, more bird species than the whole of Europe, and more than half of Brazil's threatened animal species.

In the interior subtropical Atlantic Forest, mighty Iguaçu Falls and its thunderous roar of 275 falls crashing across the Brazil and Argentina border will floors even the most jaded traveler. Iguaçu Falls is nearly twice as tall as Niagara Falls and rivaled only by Zambia and Zimbabwe's Victoria Falls, which is taller at 108 meters, But Iguaçu Falls is significantly wider still than Victoria Falls. In 2011, it was selected as one of the winners of the New Seven Wonders of Nature. Loud and impossibly gorgeous, Iguaçu is a sight to behold.

The Atlantic coast

If you are in search of something more cultural, Salvador, the capital of Bahia, is widely acknowledged as Brazil’s cultural capital and the country’s rich Afro-Brazilian heritage is evident everywhere, from Capoeira martial arts displays to delicious local cuisine. Salvador's centre is a living museum of 17th and 18th century architecture and gold-laden churches. Festivals happen regularly, with loud and rhythmic drum beats piercing the air almost 24/7. And crowds of religious followers celebrate and reconnect with African gods at the city's Candomblé ceremonies. 

For landscape afficionados, Lençóis Maranhenses, an immense expanses of dunes, which look like bedsheets, stretch across the horizon. Still relatively unknown because of its remoteness, inaccessibility and somewhat harsh environment with little wildlife, flora or fauna, the area is spectacular when rain filtered through the sand forms thousands of crystal-clear pools and lakes between the dunes. 

And then there are the beaches. Our favorites are located in Fernando de Noronha, a volcanic archipelago 350 kilometres off Brazil's northeast coast. Named after its largest island, the area is a protected national marine park and ecological sanctuary with a jagged coastline. Fernando de Noronha's natural beauty will hold its own against any tropical beach in the world. With crystal-clear waters, rich marine life - including the highest known concentration of resident dolphins in the world - and spectacular tropical landscapes.

Even if lounging on the beach is not the main reason for your visit, Brazil is blessed with thousands of miles of beautiful Atlantic coastline and there is a reason why the vast majority of the population lives near the coast. So whether it is a chic boutique hotel on an exclusive beach or somewhere more low-key near a quaint fishing village, the options are endless.

Colonial and culinary Mina Gerais

To the south of Bahia, Minas Gerais was an important state in Brazil’s 18th century gold rush. Today, visitors can explore its beautiful cobbled streets and stunning architecture of Ouro Preto and Tiradentes, home to some of the finest churches ever built in Latin America. This landlocked wonderland of rolling pastoral hills and postcard-perfect mountains is steeped in colonial history and boasts a culinary pedigree that counts itself among the South American giant's heartiest and richest. This is Brazil's God's country.


Peru has over 1600 species of orchid, almost a third of which can be found close to Machu Picchu. Inkaterra Machu Picchu Pueblo, one of the area’s top luxury hotels, has South America’s largest privately owned collection of the flower, with almost 400 varieties on display.

Sample Itinerary for Brazil

Our Brazil
Explore Brazil’s unsurpassed natural beauty from the lush Amazon jungle to the wildlife paradise of the Pantanal, the awe-inspiring Iguazu Falls and the stunning hills and beaches of the urban playground, Rio de Janeiro.
14 Nights / 15 Days • From US$ 10,900 per person
Day 1: Sao Paulo

Upon arrival in Sao Paulo, your private guide will be waiting to greet you and transfer you directly to Sao Paulo’s sophisticated Jardins neighbourhood where your luxurious hotel is located. Marvel at one of the world’s largest metropolises and make sure you experience the city’s famous foodie scene.

Days 2, 3 & 4: The Amazon

Head north to your luxury eco-lodge located in a private forest reserve in Brazil’s southern Amazon region. Alongside a river, the lodge has been carefully designed with local, sustainable materials to ensure that it blends in seamlessly with its local environment. Drop off to sleep to the soothing sounds of the river and wake up with the sunrise and the howler monkeys calling from the forest. Your days will be spent hiking or canoeing down the river to explore the abundant flora and fauna of the world’s largest biodiverse region. Return to you lodge for a caipirinha by the river followed by a sumptuous Brazilian meal.

Days 5, 6 & 7: North Pantanal

From the lush Amazon, head south to the wetlands of Brazil’s famed Pantanal. The northern Pantanal in the state of Mato Grosso offers outstanding opportunities to see a wide range of rare South American wildlife, including jaguars and giant river otters, along with spectacular birdlife. Your eco-lodge provides access to canoeing, horseback riding and walking trails. This area lies higher and so is less prone to flooding than its southern counterpart. Jaguar spotting by boat will be your main activity here though as this is the best place in the world to spot these big cats; you may also encounter giant otters, tapirs and anacondas.

Days 8, 9, 10 & 11: South Pantanal

Next is the southern Pantanal in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. The area offers visitors an intense experience with a wide array of wildlife and birdlife, co-existing side-by-side with cowboys and ranchers. The area is home to tapirs, giant-anteaters, armadillos and a wide array of widlife and birdlife. Stay at the premier lodge in the Pantanal and spend your days on 4x4 safaris, walking safaris, canoe activities, night safaris, birdwatching, biking and opportunities to learn more about the area's Hyacinth Macaw Project and Oncafari's Jaguar Project. You will also spend a day on a private jaguar tracking safari with a jaguar habituation team, a truly memorable and unique experience.

Days 11 & 12: Iguaçu Falls

Fly to Iguaçu Falls and explore this magnificent site from both the Brazilian and Argentine sides of the border. Your historic hotel is the only one located right inside the National Park and enjoys a coveted location right in front of the Falls, giving an unparalleled access to the site at all hours, long after day trippers have left. Take an exhilarating boat ride to the base of the falls or hop in a helicopter for a bird’s eye view during the day. For those lucky enough to be there for a full moon, don’t miss the hotel’s exclusive walking tour where you can witness the rare spectacle of a lunar rainbow.

Days 13, 14 & 15: Rio de Janeiro

No trip to Brazil is complete without a visit to the vibrant city of Rio de Janeiro. Your iconic hotel is located right on the beach, the perfect location to explore all the city’s sights, or to just sit back and enjoy the unique rhythm of daily life. Head up Corcovado Mountain to the enormous statue of Christ the Redeemer and take the cable car to Sugar Loaf Mountain for amazing views of the city. Walk the bustling beachside neighbourhoods of Copacabana and Ipanema, visit the bohemian Santa Teresa, try some local Brazilian dishes such as feijoada or some local meats at a traditional Churrascaria and take in all the glitzy glamour of a live samba show. After a few days exploring Rio you will understand why it is called Cidade Maravilhosa (Marvelous City).

Recommended Extension: Argentina

Fly to Buenos Aires and explore iconic sights such as Casa Rosada, colourful La Boca and monumental Recoleta Cemetery. Enjoy Argentina’s superb gastronomy and Argentina's famous dance, The Tango. Spend time at a traditional estancia to learn about the life traditions of its gauchos. Then head northwest to otherworldly Salta and its high altitude vineyards, south to Bariloche's idyllic lakes or the Peninsula Valdes' rich wildlife and marine life. El Calafate, gateway to Argentinian Patagonia is an excellent base to explore Los Glaciares National Park. Then cap off your trip with a few nights in Mendoza Valley in the shadow of the Andes mountains, home of the Malbec grape and Argentina's - even South America's - most famous wine country.

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We do not subscribe to the ‘one-size-fits-all’ philosophy. Sample itineraries and cost estimates are meant purely as a guide. To find out more, please contact one of our expert travel consultants to plan a customized itinerary based on your budget and interests.